The term ‘dosha’ denotes ‘that which causes things to decay’ implying that when out of balance, the doshas trigger the disease process. The three doshas are vata, pitta, and kapha.
The doshas are the three primary energetic principles which regulate all physiological and psychological process in the living organism. From the most rudimentary cellular process to the most complex aspects of biological functionality, the doshas regulate everything that occurs, changes and decays. A harmonious state between the doshas results in homeostasis which is the required foundation for good health and a disharmonious imbalance results in various disease conditions.